Analysis of the catfish (clarias sp.) value chain and its problems in Bogor, Indonesia

Main Article Content

Asep Bulkini
Arif Satria
Heti Mulyati
صندلی اداری


Catfish is one of the leading freshwater commodities stipulated by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (KKP) of the Republic of Indonesia. The annual production target of catfish continues to increase every year. This study aims to analyze the actors and the value chain map of catfish, problems in the value chain of catfish, and the strategies to improve the value chain. This research was conducted by survey method using questionnaire instrument. The survey was done by using purposive sampling technique to 23 catfish farmers, 7 catfish wholesalers, 5 catfish retailers, and 5 catfish processors in Bogor Regency. In this study, there are 4 channels of the value chain of catfish from the production to the consumer. The four actors who are involved in the value chain, namely farmer, wholesaler, retailer, and processor. The constraints along the value chain consist of three aspects: pre-production, production, and post-harvest.  Pre-production problems include thequality of seeds, high price of feed, and lack of capital. Problems on production are the weather, fish mortality, and social security. Problems facing post-production cover price instability and  lack of bargaining power of farmers. Proposed up-grading strategies to improve the competitiveness are strengthening partnership among farmers, strengthening partnerships between farmers and  other strategic partners (traders, and feed companies).


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details



CENTRAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS (2016) Sensus Pertanian 2013. Available: Access: 25th July, 2016.

DEPARTMENT OF ANIMAL LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES BOGOR REGENCY (2015) Profil kawasan minapolitan Kabupaten Bogor. Available: Access: 25th July, 2016.

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF AQUACULTURE. (2015) Rancangan Renstra DJ PB 2015-2019. Jakarta: Direktorat Jenderal Perikanan Budidaya. Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan Republik Indonesia.

MWAIJANDE, F. A.; LUGENDO, P. (2015) Fish farming value chain analysis: policy implications for transformations and robust growth in Tanzania. Journal of Rural an Community Development, v. 10, n. 2, p. 47-62.

PORTER, M. (1990) The Competitive Advantage of Nations. New York: The Free Press

RUBEN, R.; VAN BOEKEL, M.; VAN TILBURG, A.; TRIENEKENS, J. (2007) Governance for Quality in Tropical Food Chains. The Netherlands: Wageningen Acadamic Publishers.

SUPRAPTO; SAMTAFSIR, L. S. (2013) Biofloc-165 Rahasia Sukses Teknologi Budidaya Lele. Jakarta: Agro165.

SUPRIATNA, A.; HASCARYO, B.; WISUDO, S. H.; BASKORO, M.; NIKIJULUW, V. P. H. (2014) Model rantai nilai pengembangan perikanan tuna, tongkol, dan cakalang di Indonesia. JPHPI, v. 17, n. 2, p. 144-155

TRIENEKENS, J. H. (2011) Agricultural value chains in developing countries a framework for analysis. International Food and Agribusiness Management Association, v. 14, n. 2, p. 51-81.

IKAN, W. P. (2016) Harga ikan rata-rata di tingkat eceran (Rp/Kg). Available: Acces: 25th July, 2016.

YUSUF, M.; TRONDSEN, T. (2013) Improving Indonesia’s competitiveness: innovation, value chains and cluster-bases for realising the huge potential of marine ad fisheries. International Journal of Organizational Innovation, v. 6, n. 1, p. 111-118.

فروشگاه اینترنتی