The application of smart cities concept for citizens of Lithuania and Sweden: comperative analysis

Main Article Content

Gitana Dudzevičiūtė
Agnė Šimelytė
Aušra Liučvaitienė

Abstract

Urbanization and expansion of cities requires new tools to improve the quality of life of city inhabitants for all areas from mobility to leisure activities. Thus, technological development and digitalisation have been introduced into infrastructures such as rails, roads, airports, bridges, tunnels and communications. Policy of smart cities concept focuses on economy, people, mobility, governance, environment, and living. Even more, implemented framework of smart cities stimulates sustainable economic development. Smart economy is a trigger for innovations and entrepreneurship. Installed measures of smart mobility reduce traffic jams and optimise transportation systems.

This research attempts to assess and compare largest different cities of Lithuania and Sweden in the context of smart cities’ concept. Due to the shortage and mismatching statistical information, the paper is limited with only four following indicators: smart economy, smart mobility, smart environment, and smart governance. The analysis of indicators shows that Lithuanian major cities in all groups of criterion are below average while values of indicators in the case of Swedish major cities are much higher than average.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

ALLWINKLE, S.; CRUICKSHANK, P. (2011) Creating smarter cities: an overview. Journal of Urban Technology, v. 18, n. 2, p. 1–16.

BAKICI, T.; ALMIRALL, E.; WAREHAM, J. (2012) A smart city initiative: the case of Barcelona. Journal of the Knowledge Economy v. 4, n. 2, p. 135–148.

BRUNECKIENE, J.; SINKIENE, J. (2014). Critical analysis of approaches to smart economy. 8 th International Scientific Conference “Business and Management 2014” May 15–16, Vilnius, Lithuania: p. 886–894. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/bm.2014.106.

CARAGLIU, A.; DEL BO, C.; NIJKAMP, P. (2009) Smart cities in Europe. Vrije Universiteit. Faculty of Economics and Business Administration. Available on Internet: https://ideas.repec.org/p/vua/wpaper/2009–48.html.

CHOURABI, H.; NAM, T.; WALKER, S.; GIL-GARCIA, J. R.; MELLOULI, S.; NAHON, K.; PARDO, A. T.; SCHOLL, H. J. (2012) Understanding smart cities: an integrative framework. 45th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, p. 2289–2297.

DIRKS, S.; KEELING, M. (2009) A vision of smarter cities: how cities can lead the way into a prosperous and sustainable future. NY: IBM Global Business Services.

EZKOWITZ, H. (2008) The triple helix: university, industry and government. Routledge, London.

EUROPEAN SMART CITIES (2014) European medium-sized cities. Available: http://www.smart-cities.eu/index.php?cid=3&ver=3

EUROPEAN SMART CITIES (2015) Lager European cities. Available: http://www.smart-cities.eu/index.php?cid=6&ver=4&city=174

GIFFINGER, R.; FERTNER, C.; KRAMAR, H.; KALASEK, R.; PICHLER-MILANOVIC, N.; MEIJERS, E. (2007) Smart cities – ranking of European medium-sized cities (report), Vienna University of Technology. Available on Internet: http://www.smart-cities.eu/download/smart_cities_final_report.pdf.

GIRARD, F. L.; LOMBARDI, P.; NIJKAMP, P. (2009) Creative urban design and development. International Journal of Services Technology and Management, v. 13, n. 2-3, p. 111–115.

HARTLEY, J.; POTTS, J.; MACDONALD, T. (2012) Creative city índex. Cultural Science Journal, v. 5, n. 1, p. 33-45.

HIELKEMA, H.; HONGISTO, P. (2012) Developing the Helsinki smart city: The role of competitions for open data applications. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, v. 4, n. 2, p. 190–204.

HOLLANDS, R. (2008) Will the real smart city please stand up? City, v. 12, n. 3, p. 303–320.

KIM, H. M.; HAN, S. S. (2012) City profile: Seoul. Cities, v. 29, n. 2, p. 142–154.

KOMNINOS, N. (2008) Intelligent cities and globalisation of innovation networks. London and New York: Routledge.

LAZAROIU, G. C.; ROSCIA, M. (2012) Definition methodology forthesmart cities model. Energy, n. 47, p. 326-332.

LETAIFA, B. S. (2014) The uneasy transition from supply chains to ecosystems. Management Decision, v. 52, n. 2, p. 278–295.

LETAIFA, B. S. (2015) How to strategize smart cities: revealing the smart model. Journal of Business Research, v. 68, n. 7, p. 1414-1419.

LOMBARDI, P.; GIORDANO, S.; FAROUH, H.; YOUSEF, W. (2012) Modelling the smart city performance. The European Journal of Social Science Research, v. 25, n. 2, p. 137-149.

MCKINSEY & COMPANY (2013) How to make a city great. Available on Internet: http://www.mckinsey.com/insights/urbanization/how_to_make_a_city_great

MONTGOMERY, R. M.; STREN, R.; COHEN, B.; REED, H. E. (2004) Cities Transformed: Demographic Change and its Implications in the Developing World. London: Earthscan.

NEIROTTI, P.; DE MARCO, A.; CAGLIANO, A. C.; MANGANO, G.;

SCORRANO, F. (2014) Current trends in smart city initiatives: some stylised facts. Cities, v. 38, p. 25–36.

PLEEC. (2016) Factsheet: summary of results. Available: http://www.pleecproject.eu/downloads/Reports/pleec_factsheet_summary_of_results-final.pdf

SHAPIRO, J. M. (2008) Smart cities: quality of life, productivity, and the growth effects of human capital. The review of economics and statistics, v. 88, n. 2, p. 324-335.

THE STATE OF EUROPEAN CITIES. (2016) Cities leading the way to a better future. European Commission, p. 216.

TOPPETA, D. (2010) The smart city vision: how innovation and ICT can build smart, “liveable”, sustainable cities. Available on Internet: http://www.inta-aivn.org/images/cc/Urbanism/background%20documents/Toppeta_Report_005_2010.pdf.

UNITED NATIONS. (2014) World Urbanization Prospects. New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

VANOLO, A. (2013) Smart mentality: the smart city as disciplinary strategy. Urban Studies, v. 51, n. 5, p. 883–898.

WALRAVENS, N. (2015) Mobile city applications for Brussels citizens: smart city trends, challenges and a reality check. Telematics and Informatics, v. 32, p. 282-299.

WASHBURN, D.; SINDHU, U.; BALAOURAS, S.; DINES, R. A.; HAYES, N. M.; NELSON, L. E. (2010) Helping CIOs understand “smart city” initiatives: defining the smart city, its drivers, and the role of the CIO. Cambridge, MA: Forrester Research, Inc.

WEISI, F.; PING, P. (2014) A discussion on smart city management based on meta-synthesis method. Management Science and Engineering, v. 8, n. 1, p. 68–72.

ZYGIARIS, S. (2012) Smart city reference model: Assisting planners to conceptualize the building of smart city innovation ecosystems. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, v. 4, n. 2, p. 217–231.