Periodicity.: January - February 2019
e-ISSN......: 2236-269X
Cover Image

Assessment of operational performance of public sector funded infrastructure in Nigeria: the airports perspective

Ikechukwu A. Diugwu, Obioma R Nwaogbe, Victor Omoke, Solomon T Johnson, Ashem E Egila

Abstract


The study assessed the performance of public sector funded infrastructure in Nigeria, with a special focus on airports. It utilized secondary data obtained from the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN), the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA), and the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) covering the period 2004 to 2016.  A simple regression analyses of the data were carried out using total number of employees as the predictor variable and the total aircraft movement, total passenger movement, and total cargo movement as the dependent variables. The results of the analyses show that the p values calculated were < 0.05 alpha value, implying existence of a statistical relationship among the dependent variables (aircraft movement, passenger throughput, and cargo throughput) and independent variable (number of employees). Furthermore, the time series graphs show fluctuations in growth of the outputs (passenger throughput, aircraft movement and cargo throughput) for the Nigerian air transport system at various periods. This study has shown that there is a need for the government and stakeholders to take immediate actions in tackling factors responsible for the decline and fluctuations in the air transport industry.

Keywords


air transport; passenger throughput; aircraft movement; operational performance; infrastructure

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


ACZEL, A. D.; SOUNDERPANDIAN, J. (2009) Complete Business Statistics, USA, McGraw−Hill Primis.

AHMAD, S.; SCHROEDER, R. G. (2003) The impact of human resource management practices on operational performance: recognizing country and industry differences. Journal of operations Management, n. 21, p. 19-43.

ANDERSON, D. R.; SWEENEY, D. J.; WILLIAMS, T. A.; CAMM, J. D.; COCHRAN, J. J. (2015) Essentials of Statistics for Business and Economics, USA, Cengage Learning.

ANFOFUM, A. A.; SAHEED, S. Z.; ILUNO, C. (2015) Air Transportation Development and Economic Growth in Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, n. 6, p. 1-11.

BALTACI, N.; SEKMEN, O.; AKBULUT, G. (2015) The Relationship between Air Transport and Economic Growth in Turkey: Cross-Regional Panel Data Analysis Approach. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, n. 7, p. 89.

BERENSON, M. L.; LEVINE, D. M.; KREHBIEL, T. C. (2012) Basic Business Statistics: Concepts and Applications, New Jersey, Prentice Hall.

BON, A. T.; MUSTAFA, E. M. A. (2013) Impact of Total Quality Management on Innovation in Service Organizations: Literature Review and New Conceptual Framework. Procedia Engineering, n. 53, p. 516-529.

BOSEDE, A.; ABALABA, B.; AFOLABI, D. (2013) Transport Infrastructure Improvement and Economic Growth in Nigeria. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, n. 2, p. 23-31.

BROWN, S. (2011) Measures of Shape: Skewness and Kurtosis. MATH200 - Statistics. New York, USA: Tompkins Cortland Community College/The State University of New York.

BROWN, S. (2016) Measures of Shape: Skewness and Kurtosis [Online]. Available: https://brownmath.com/stat/shape.htm [Accessed 5 May 2018].

BULMER, M. G. (1979) Principles of Statistics, Dover.

CROCKATT, M. A. (2000) Airport Infrastructure and Regional Development: A Case for Resurrecting the Growth Pole Concept. Master of Arts Thesis, University of Manitoba.

DHARMAWAN, I. G. N. I. (2012) The effect of air transport to economic development in Indonesia, Erasmus University.

DOGANIS, R. (2005) The Airport Business, London, Routledge.

EASTERLY, W.; REBELO, S. (1993) Fiscal policy and economic growth. Journal of monetary economics, n. 32, p. 417-458.

FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION. Airport Categories [Online]. Washington, DC: United States Department of Transportation. Available: https://www.faa.gov/airports/planning_capacity/passenger_allcargo_stats/categories/ [Accessed 17 March 2018].

GILLEN, D.; LALL, A. (2001) Non-parametric measures of efficiency of US airports. International Journal of Transport Economics/Rivista internazionale di economia dei trasporti, p. 283-306.

IHS GLOBAL INC. (2015) EViews 9 User’s Guide I, Irvine CA, USA, IHS Global Inc.

ISHUTKINA, M.; HANSMAN, R. J. (2008) Analysis of Interaction between Air Transportation and Economic Activity. The 26th Congress of ICAS and 8th AIAA ATIO. 8888.

JARŽEMSKIENĖ, I. (2012) Applying the method of measuring airport productivity in the Baltic region. Transport, n. 27, p. 178-186.

JUAN, E. J. (1995) Airport infrastructure: the emerging role of the private sector, recent experiences based on 10 case studies. CFS Discussion Paper Series (No. CFS 115). Washington, DC: World Bank.

JUAN, E. J. (2001) Financing Air Navigation Infrastructure in Emerging Markets. Air Finance, Fall.

KAYDOS, W. (1998) Operational Performance Measurement: Increasing Total Productivity, Boca Raton, Florida, CRC Press.

KELLER, G. (2014) Statistics for Management and Economics, Boston, USA, Cengage Learning.

MINITAB BLOG EDITOR. (2013) Multiple Regression Analysis: Use Adjusted R-Squared and Predicted R-Squared to Include the Correct Number of Variables [Online]. Pennsylvania: Minitab Inc. Available: http://blog.minitab.com/blog/adventures-in-statistics-2/multiple-regession-analysis-use-adjusted-r-squared-and-predicted-r-squared-to-include-the-correct-number-of-variables [Accessed 5 May 2018].

NEWBOLD, P.; CARLSON, W. L.; THORNE, B. M. (2013) Statistics for Business and Economics (Global Edition), Harlow, England, Pearson Education Limited.

NIGERIAN NATIONAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION. (2016) Nigeria Profile [Online]. Abuja, Nigeria: Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation. Available: http://www.nnpcgroup.com/NNPCBusiness/BusinessInformation/OilGasinNigeria/NigeriaProfile.aspx [Accessed 17 April 2018].

NWAOGBE, O. R.; OGWUDE, I. C.; IBE, C. C. (2017ª) Efficiency Analysis of the Nigerian Airports: An Application of DEA-BCC Model. International Scientific Journal of Air Transport Industry (AERO-Journal), n. 2, p. 28-39.

NWAOGBE, O. R.; PIUS, A.; IDOKO, F. W. (2017b) Estimating Nigerian Airports Production Functions Using Cobb Douglas Analytical Model. International Scientific Journal of Air Transport Industry (AERO-Journal), n. 2, p. 40-45.

OAKLAND, J. S. (1995) Total Quality Management: The Route To Improving Performance, Oxford; Boston, Butterworth-Heinemann.

OAKLAND, J. S. (2003) Total Quality Management: Text with Cases, Butterworth-Heinemann.

OGWUDE, I. C.; NWAOGBE, O. R.; PIUS, A.; EJEM, E. A.; IDOKO, F. O. (2018) Performance Appraisal of Nigerian Airports: Stochastic Frontier Analysis. Transport & Logistics: The International Journal, n. 18, p. 1-14.

OWEN, W. (1987) Transportation and world development, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A, Johns Hopkins University Press.

OXFORD ECONOMIC FORECASTING (2003) The contribution of air transport to sustainable development in Africa. Unpublished Final Report for the Air Transport Action Group. Geneva, Switzerland: Air Transport Action Group.

PABEDINSKAITĖ, A.; AKSTINAITĖ, V. (2014) Evaluation of the airport service quality. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, n. 110, p. 398-409.

PIUS, A.; NWAOGBE, O.; AKERELE, O.; MASUKU, S. (2017ª) An Appraisal of Airport Terminal Performance: Evidence from Murtala Muhammed International Airport (MMIA). International Journal of Professional Aviation Training & Testing Research, n. 9.

PIUS, A.; NWAOGBE, O.; IDOKO, F. W. (2017) Estimation of Nigerian Airports’ Production Functions: An Application of Cobb Douglas Model. In: KAZDA, A.; SMOJVER, I., eds. 6th International Conference on Air Transport (INAIR 2017): Air Transport Growth- What are the Limits?, 14-16 November 2017 2017b Prague, Czech Republic. Elsevier Procedia, 225.

RENCHER, A. C. (2003) Methods of Multivariate Analysis, New York, Wiley.

SALVATORE, D.; REAGLE, D. (2002) Statistics and Econometrics, New York, McGraw-Hill.

SARKIS, J. (2000) An analysis of the operational efficiency of major airports in the United States. Journal of Operations management, n. 18, p. 335-351.

STEPHENS, M. S.; UKPERE, W. I. (2011) Airport capacity utilization in Nigeria: A performance and efficiency analysis. African Journal of Business Management, n. 5, p. 11104.

SUTIA, S.; SUDARMA, M.; ROFIATY, D. (2013) The Influence of Human Capital Investment, Leadership and Strategic orientation on Airport Performance. International Journal if Business and Management Invention, n. 2, p. 26-32.

TABACHNICK, B. G.; FIDELL, L. S. (2013) Using Multivariate Statistics, New Jersey, Pearson Education, Inc.

TERZIOVSKI, M. (2006) Quality management practices and their relationship with customer satisfaction and productivity improvement. Management Research News, n. 29, p. 414-424.

TSENG, K.; HO, J.-F.; LIU, Y.-J. (2008) A study on the performance evaluation of major international airports in the world. Journal of Modelling in Management, n. 3, p. 71-81.

UGBOAJA, P. C. (2013) A Sustainability Assesment of Nigerian Transport Policy. International Journal of Asian social science, n. 3, p. 1208-1226.

WANKE, P.; BARROS, C.; NWAOGBE, O. R. (2016) Assessing productive efficiency in Nigerian airports using Fuzzy-DEA. Transport Policy, n. 49, p. 9-19.

WEISS, N. A. (2012) Introductory Statistics, Boston, Addison-Wesley.

WORLD BANK (1996) Sustainable transport: priorities for policy reform. Washington, D.C.: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Deelopment/The World Bank.

ZHANG, B.; WANG, J.; LIU, C.; ZHAO, Y. (2012) Evaluating the technical efficiency of Chinese airport airside activities. Journal of Air Transport Management, n. 20, p. 23-27.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14807/ijmp.v10i1.828

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Ikechukwu A. Diugwu, Obioma R Nwaogbe, Victor Omoke Omoke, Solomon T Johnson

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

LIBRARIES BY

Logo Gaudeamus

Logo INDIANA

Logo CHENG KUNG

Logo UTEP

Logo MOBIUS

Logo UNIVEM

Logo Kennedy

Logo Columbia

Logo UCS

Logo MSG/UFF

Logo OPT

Logo Biblioteca Professor Milton Cabral Moreira

Logo UFL

Logo ULRICHSWEB

Logo UNISA