Influence of supervision on labour productivity on construction sites in Abuja-Nigeria

Main Article Content

Richard Jimoh
Luqman Oyewobi
Suleiman Suleiman
Rasheed Isa


Research efforts have been directed toward the improvement of construction labour productivity over the years, and as a result of its significance to the national economies, the concept continues to receive attention across the globe. This study thus examines the influence of supervision on the productivity of construction workers in Abuja.  The research employed mixed methods approach using unobtrusive observation as well as on-site measurement of works to obtain qualitative data on twenty construction sites and questionnaires were used to elicit quantitative data from the professionals and those with supervisory roles involved or engaged by small and medium sized firms. Of the 157 questionnaires that were self-administered to the site supervisors, 124 valid responses were obtained which gave approximately 79% response rate. Finding from the observation and measurement revealed that there is no statistically significant difference between the productivity of workers with professional supervision and those with non-professional supervision (foremen). Results of the findings from the questionnaires on factors militating against effective supervision on construction sites showed that communication breakdown was ranked first with mean of 4.29 while irregular meeting was the least ranked with mean of 3.59.  It was suggested that adequate attention has to be paid to training, retraining and continuous professional development of people charged with supervisory roles on the construction sites so as to achieve higher construction workers productivity.

Article Details



ABD-EL-HAMIED, E. M. (2014) Leadership importance in construction productivity Improvement, Journal of Management and Business Studies, v. 3, n. 3, p. 114-125.

ALINAITIVE, H. M.; MWAKALI, J. A.; HANSSON, A. (2007) Factors affecting the productivity of building craftsmen studies of Uganda, Journal of Civil Engineering, v. 7, n. 3, p. 169-176.

ATTAR, A. A.; GUPTA, A. K.; DESAI, D. B. (2013) A study of various factors affecting labour productivity and method to improve it, Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, v. 7, n. 2, p. 11-14.

ALUMBUGU, P. O.; SAIDU, I.; GULMA, A. S.; OLA-AWO, W. A.; ABDULAZEEZ, A.; SULEIMAN, B. (2014) An Analysis of Relationship between Working Height and Productivity of Masonry Workers on Site, Civil and Environmental Research, v. 6, n. 4, p. 72-80.

ALWI, S.; KEITH, H.; SHERIF, M. (2001) Effective of quality supervision on rework in the Indonesian context, Journal of Asia Pacific Building and Construction Management, n. 6, p. 2-6.

AGWU, M. O. (2014) Perception Survey of poor construction supervision and building failure in six major cities in Nigeria, British Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, v. 4, n. 4, p. 456-472.

AMEH, O. J.; OSEGBO, E. E. (2011) Study of relationship between time overrun and productivity on construction sites, International Journal of Construction Supply Chain Management, v. 1, n. 1, p. 56-67.

AQUA GROUP (2002) Contract Administration of Architect and Quantity Surveyor London: Granada.

BLAXTER, L.; HUGHES, C.; TIGHT, M. (2006) How to research, (3rd edition), England: Open University Press.

CHE HASSAN, C. R.; BASHA, O. J.; WAN HANAFI, W. H. (2007), Perception of building construction workers towards safety, health and environment, Journal of engineering science and technology, v. 2, n. 3, p. 271-279.

CHIKA, J. I.; CHIJIOKE, J. I. (2013) Effective supervision of Nigerian University workers a task for modern administrators, European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, v. 2, n. 1, p. 24‐32.

COUNCIL OF REGISTERED BUILDERS OF NIGERIA (2011) Construction site management for builders, Nigeria: CORBON.


FAGBENLE, O. I.; LAWAL, P. O.; OMUH, I. O. (2012) The Influence of Training on Bricklayers’ Productivity in Nigeria, International Journal of Management Sciences and Business Research, v. 1, n. 7, p. 2226-8235.

FISCHER, R. (2009) Productivity in the construction industry Unpublished, MSc thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria.

FISK, E. (2000) Construction Project Administration, Upper Saddle River: Prentice hall

FRIMPONG, J. A.; HELLERINGER, S.; AWOONOR-WILLIAMS, J. K.; YEJI, F.; PHILLIPS, J. F. (2011) Does supervision improve health worker productivity? Evidence from the Upper East Region of Ghana, Tropical Medicine & International Health, n. 16, p. 1225–1233. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2011.02824.

HAMMAD, M. S.; OMRAN, A.; PAKIR, A. (2011) Ways to improve productivity in construction industry, Libya: Acta Technical Corviniensis-Bulletin of Engineering.

HENDRICKSON, C. (2003) Project Management for Construction, Fundamental Concept for Owners, Engineers, Architects and Builders, India: Prentice.

JERGEAS, G. (2009) Improving Construction Productivity on Alberta Oil and Gas Capital Projects, Canada: Alberta Finance and Enterprise.

MERROW, E. W.; SONNHALTER, K. A.; SOMANCHI, R.; GRIFFITH, A. F. (2009) Productivity in the UK Engineering Construction Industry, United Kingdom: Independent Project Analysis, Incorporated.

MAKULSAWATUDOM, A.; EMSLEY, M. W.; SINTHAWANARONG, K. (2004) Critical factors affecting construction productivity in Thailand, The Journal of KMITN, v. 14, n. 3, p. 1-6.

MING-SUM, T. (2005) Supervision Models in Social Work: From Nature to Culture, Asian Journal of Counseling, v. 11, n. 2, p. 7–55.

MOSELHI, O. (2010) Analyses of Labour Productivity of Form Work Operation in Building Construction, Construction Innovation Information, Process Management, v. 7, n. 10, p. 286-303

ODUSAMI, K.T.; UNOMA, G. (2011) Tackling the shortage of construction skills in Nigeria, Being a Paper Presented at a 2-day National seminar organised by the Nigeria Institute of Quantity Surveyors, vision 20-2020, strategic industry development within National Development Goals in Abuja p. 7.

OGUNSAMI, D. R.; JAGBORO G. O. (2006) Time-Cost model for building project in Nigeria, Journal of Construction Management & Economics, n. 24, p. 253-258, retrieved on June, 3, 2014 from

OYEWOBI, L. O.; OKE, A. A.; GANIYU1, B. O.; SHITTU1, A. A.; ISA, R. B.; NWOKOBIA, L. (2011) The effect of project types on the occurrence of rework in expanding economy, Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology, v. 2, n. 6, p. 119-124.

RAJI, A.; FIRAS. I. A. (2011) Implementation of Quality Management Concepts in Managing Engineering Project Site, Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering, v. 5, n. 1, p. 89-106.

SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISES DEVELOPMENT AGENCY of NIGERIA (2007) National Policy on Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, Federal Republic of Nigeria: SMEDAN, Abuja, Nigeria.

SOHAM, M.; RAJIV, B (2013) Critical Factors Affecting Labour Productivity in Construction Projects: Case Study of South Gujarat Region of India, International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, v. 2, n. 4, p. 583-591.

THOMAS, H. R. (1991) Labour Productivity and work sampling the bottom line, Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, v. 7, n. 10, p. 5-11.

WILLIS-SHATTUCK, M.; BIDWELL, P.; THOMAS, S.; WYNESS, L.; BLAAUW, D.; DITLOPO, P. (2008) Motivation and retention of health workers in developing countries: a systematic review, BMC Health Services Research, n. 8, p. 247 doi:10.1186/1472-6963-8-247.