Periodicity.: January - March 2017
e-ISSN......: 2236-269X
Cover Image

Haemoprotozoa Infection of Domestic Birds in Hilly Areas of Bangladesh

Tilak Chandra Nath, Jamal Uddin Bhuiyan

Abstract


The blood protozoa of two important domestic birds namely chickens (Gallus domesticus) and pigeon (Columba livia) reared in the hilly areas of Bangladesh were studied. A total of 400 birds (200 chicken and 200 pigeons) were examined of which 149 (37.3%) [95% CI] birds were found infected by one or more haemoprotozoan parasites. Haemoprotozoa belonging to three genera were identified. Pigeon 80 (40%) was recorded more susceptible to haemoprotozoa infection than chicken 69 (34.5%). 118 birds (29.5%) were found to be infected with single infection where as mixed infections were found in 31 birds (7.8%). The prevalence of blood protozoa in female birds (69.5%) was found significantly higher (p ≤ 0.0001) [95% CI] than male birds (5%). Within the study period, the prevalence rate of Haemoprotozoa was 60.6% in summer season, 36.7% in rainy and 23% winter seasons. This study has archived a high prevalence of haemoparasites, henceforth encourage further to determine the effect of contamination on the productivity and profitability of these birds, and evaluation of cost-benefit of various control strategies need to be undertaken.


Keywords


Prevalence; Haemoproteus; Plasmodium; Leucocytozoon

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


AKINPELU, A. I. (2008) Prevalence and intensity of blood parasites in wild pigeons and Chicken. Science Alert Journal. n. 109, p. 114

BENNETT, G. F.; BORRERO, J. I. (1976) Blood parasites of some birds from Colombia. Journal of Wildlife Disease, v. 12, n. 3, p. 454-8.

BLRI (Bangladesh Livestock Research Institude) report. (2015) www.blri.gov.bd

DEY, A. R.; BEGUM, N.; PAUL, S. C.; NOOR, M.; ISLAM, K. M. (2008) Prevalence and pathology of blood protozoa in duck. Bangl. J. Vet. Med, v. 6, n. 1, p. 53–58

ELAHI, R.; ISLAM, A.; HOSSAIN, M. S.; MOHIUDDIN, K.; MIKOLON, A.; PAUL, S. K.; HOSSEINI, P. R.; DASZAK, P.; ALAM, M. S. (2014) Prevalence and diversity of avian haematozoan parasites in wetlands of Bangladesh. Journal of Parasitological Research, p. 1-12.

GULANBER, A.; TUZER, E.; CETINKAYA, H. (2002) Haemoproteus columbae infections and Pseudolynchia canariensis infestations in pigeons in Istanbul, Turkey. Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi Istanbul, v. 28, n. 1, p. 227-229.

LATIF, M. A. (2001) Development strategies of livestock and poultry in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the International Poultry Show. World’s Poultry Science Association, Bangladesh: p. 27-33.

LEVINE, N. D. (1985) Veterinary Parasitology. 1st Edition. Iowa State University Press, USA. 266-282.

MAMUD, N. J.; KABIR, M. A.; DIBAL, D. M.; RAJAB, M. H. (2011) Study on the Prevalence of Haemoparasites of Pigeon (Columba livia) In Lapai-Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Biological Research, v. 4, n. 1-2, p. 121-127

MANDAL, F. B. (1990) Seasonal incidence of blood-inhabiting Haemoproteus columbae Kruse (Sporozoa: Haemoproteidae) in pigeons. Indian Journal of Animal Health, v. 29, n. 1, p. 29-35.

MBUTHIA, P. G.; SABUNI, Z. A.; MAINGI, N.; NYAGA, P. N.; MICHIEKA, J. N. (2011) Prevalence of haemoparasites infection in indigenous chicken in Eastern Province of Kenya. Livestock Research for Rural Development, n. 23, p. 11-19.

MOMIN, A. (2014) Prevalence of Blood Protozoa in Poultry in Tangail. MS Thesis. Bangladesh Agricultural University, Bangladesh.

NJUNGA, G. R. (2003) Ecto- and haemoparasites of chicken in Malawi with emphasis on the effects of the chicken louse, Menacanthus cornutus. MSc Thesis. The Royal Veterinary and Agriculture University, Denmark.

OLAYEMI, O. A.; JUBRIL, A. J.; ADEKOLA, A. (2014) Prevalence of Haemoparasites in Village Weaver in Ibadan, Nigeria. J. World's Poult. Res, v. 4, n. 4, p. 89-93

PERMIN, A.; ESMANN, J. B.; HOJ, C. H.; HOVE, T.; MUKATIRWA, S. (2002) Ecto-, Endo- and Haemoparasites in free range chicken in the Gomoronzi District in Zimbabwe. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, n. 54, p. 213-224.

SADIQ, N. A.; ADEJINMI, J. O.; ADEDOKUN, O. A.; FASHANU, S. O.; ALIMI, A. A.; SOFUNMADE, Y. T. (2003) Ectoparasites and haemoparasites of indigenous chicken (Gallus domesticus) in Ibadan and environs. Tropical Veterinarian, n. 21, p. 187-191.

SEHGAL, R. N. M.; GEDIMINAS, V.; TATJANA, A. L.; SMITH, T. B. (2006) Blood parasites of chickens in Uganda and Cameroon. Journal of Parasitology, n. 92, p. 1336-1343.

SENLIK, B.; GULEGEN, E.; AKYOL, V. (2005) Prevalence and intensity of Haemoproteus columbae in domestic pigeons. Indian Veterinary Journal, v. 82, n. 9, p. 998-999.

SOULSBY, E. J. L. (1982) Helminth, Arthropods and Protozoa of Domesticated Animals. 7th Edition. Baillire, Tindall. p. 35-740.

THE RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY. (2008) www.icddrb.org/zoology

VALKIUNAS, G.; IEZHOVA, T. A.; BROOKS, D. R.; HANELT, B.; BRANT, S.V.; SUTHERLIN, M. E.; CAUSEY, D. (2004) Additional observations on blood parasites of birds in Costa Rica. Journal of Wildlife Disease, v. 40, n. 3, p. 555-561.

TIWARI, K. P.; CHIKWETO, A.; KUMTHEKAR, S. (2012) Prevalence of haemoparasites in backyard poultry and wild pigeons of Grenada, West Indies. Indian Journal of Animal Research, v. 2, n. 3, p. 209-213




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14807/ijmp.v8i1.520

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Tilak Chandra Nath

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

LIBRARIES BY

Logo Gaudeamus

Logo INDIANA

Logo CHENG KUNG

Logo UTEP

Logo MOBIUS

Logo UNIVEM

Logo Kennedy

Logo Columbia

Logo UCS

Logo MSG/UFF

Logo OPT

Logo Biblioteca Professor Milton Cabral Moreira

Logo UFL

Logo ULRICHSWEB

Logo UNISA