Identifying the relationship of parenting styles and parent’s perfectionism with normal students’ and gifted students’ perfectionism

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Alireza Kakavand
Siavash Kalantari
Sima Noohi
Hossein Taran


Psychologists stated that parents’ functions and behaviors influence the formation of children’s thoughts, behaviors and emotions This study aimed to identify the relationship of parenting styles and parents’ perfectionism with normal students’ perfectionism and gifted students’ perfectionism. The study is a descriptive correlation study. The population consisted of all normal and gifted female high school students of Karaj. A sample of 200 students was selected using random sampling method. Data was collected using Hill’s perfectionism questionnaire and BAUMRIND’s parenting styles questionnaire. Researcher used simultaneous multivariate regression and independent sample t-test methods for data analysis. The results showed that there is a statistically significant difference between perfectionism of normal student’s parents and perfectionism of gifted student’s parents but there is no statistically significant difference between their parenting styles. There is a statistically significant difference between perfectionism of normal students and perfectionism of gifted students. Results also showed that adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism of students are not predictable based on the perfectionism and parenting styles of parents.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Alireza Kakavand, Associate Professor, Department of psychology, Imam Khomeini International University


Siavash Kalantari, Master in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan Branch,


Sima Noohi, Associate Professor of psychiatric, Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences


Hossein Taran, Master in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Zanjan Branch,



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