Periodicity.: October - December 2016
e-ISSN......: 2236-269X
Cover Image

Investigating the factors affecting knowledge management application in new ventures

Ehsan Shahidifar


Knowledge management is extensively used in large, medium and small firms. However, the larger the scale, the more knowledge management practices might be used in organizations. Unfortunately, application of knowledge management in new ventures is not sufficiently discussed in the extant literature. Thus this paper attempts to concentrate on this issue. Therefore, environmental, organizational and individual factors are enumerated and their effect on application of knowledge management in new ventures is examined. Findings revealed that all these factors significantly affect knowledge management application is new ventures. 


Knowledge management application; Entrepreneurship; New ventures; Iran

Full Text:



ALAVI, M.; LEIDNER, D. E. (1999) Knowledge management systems: issues, challenges, and benefits. Communications of the AIS, v. 1, n. 2es, p. 1.

ARGOTE, L.; MCEVILY, B.; REAGANS, R. (2003) Managing knowledge in organizations: An integrative framework and review of emerging themes. Management science, v. 49, n. 4, p. 571-582.

BARCLAY, R. O.; MURRAY, P. C. (1997) What is knowledge management? Knowledge praxis. Knowledge Management Associates.

BLOMSTERMO, A.; SHARMA, D. D. (2004) Learning and networking in foreign-market entry of service firms. In Knowledge flows, governance and the multinational enterprise, p. 226-248. Palgrave Macmillan UK.

BRUTON, G. D.; DESS, G. G.; JANNEY, J. J. (2007) Knowledge management in technology-focused firms in emerging economies: Caveats on capabilities, networks, and real options. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, v. 24, n. 2, p. 115-130.

CARDON, M. S. (2003) Contingent labor as an enabler of entrepreneurial growth. Human Resource Management, v. 42, n. 4, p. 357.

CHEN, D. N.; LIANG, T. P. (2011) Knowledge evolution strategies and organizational performance: A strategic fit analysis. Electronic Commerce Research and Applications, v. 10, n. 1, p. 75-84.

CHEN, Y.; WANG, Y.; NEVO, S.; JIN, J.; WANG, L.; CHOW, W. S. (2014) IT capability and organizational performance: the roles of business process agility and environmental factors. European Journal of Information Systems, v. 23, n. 3, p. 326-342.

CUI, A. S.; GRIFFITH, D. A.; CAVUSGIL, S. T.; DABIC, M. (2006) The influence of market and cultural environmental factors on technology transfer between foreign MNCs and local subsidiaries: A Croatian illustration. Journal of World Business, v. 41, n. 2, p. 100-111.

DAVID, W.; FAHEY, L. (2000) Diagnosing cultural barriers to knowledge management. The Academy of management executive, v. 14, n. 4, p. 113-127.

DEMAREST, M. (1997) Understanding knowledge management. Long range planning, v. 30, n. 3, p. 321-384.

DESOUZA, K. C.; AWAZU, Y. (2006) Knowledge management at SMEs: five peculiarities. Journal of Knowledge Management, v. 10, n. 1, p. 32–44.

DONATE, M. J.; GUADAMILLAS, F. (2011) Organizational factors to support knowledge management and innovation. Journal of Knowledge Management, v. 15, n. 6, p. 890-914.

DU PLESSIS, M. (2007) The role of knowledge management in innovation. Journal of knowledge management, v. 11, n. 4, p. 20-29.

DURST, S.; WILHELM, S. (2011) Knowledge management in practice: insights into a medium‐sized enterprise's exposure to knowledge loss. Prometheus, v. 29, n. 1, p. 23-38.

EL-KORANY, A. (2007) A knowledge management application in enterprises. International Journal of Management and Enterprise Development, v. 4, n. 6, p. 693-702.

FARQUHAR, J. D.; SURRY, D. W. (1994) Adoption analysis: An additional tool for instructional developers. Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, v. 31, n. 1, p. 19-25.

FOUGEYROLLAS, P.; NOREAU, L.; BOSCHEN, K. (2002) Interaction of environment with individual characteristics and social participation: theoretical perspectives and applications in persons with spinal cord injury. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, v. 7, n. 3, p. 1-16.

GARTNER, W. B. (1985) A conceptual framework for describing the phenomenon of new venture creation. Academy of management review, v. 10, n. 4, p. 696-706.

HUANG, H. C.; DAVY, F. L.; SHIH, H. Y.; FAN, C. J. (2014) Accelerating Knowledge Adoption: Information Systems Change Management?.Approaches and Processes for Managing the Economics of Information Systems, n. 253.

HUNTER, J. E.; SCHMIDT, F. L.; JACKSON, G. B. (1982) Meta-analysis: Cumulating Research Findings across Studies. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

KAWAMORITA KESIM, H.; SALAMZADEH, A.; JAFARI MOGHADAM, S. (2013) Intellectual Capital and Internationalization of Entrepreneurial Universities, In 5th International Conference on International Conference on Intellectual Capital Management, Zanjan: Iran

KHALIFA, Z. A.; JAMALUDDIN, M. Y. (2012) Key success factors affecting knowledge management implementation in construction industry in Libya.Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, v. 6, n. 5, p. 161-164.

KMIECIAK, R.; MICHNA, A. (2012) Relationship Between Knowledge Management and Market Orientation in SMEs. In International Conference on Management, Knowledge and Learning, p. 175-183.

LAM, D. T. T.; SORENSEN, O. J. (2010) MNCs in Vietnam: From a Learning Perspective. The New Asian Dragon: Internationalization of Firms in Vietnam, 157.

LARRAÑETA, B.; ZAHRA, S. A.; GONZÁLEZ, J. L. G. (2012) Enriching strategic variety in new ventures through external knowledge. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 27, n. 4, p. 401-413.

LEE, H.; CHOI, B. (2003) Knowledge management enablers, processes, and organizational performance: An integrative view and empirical examination. Journal of management information systems, v. 20, n. 1, p. 179-228.

LEE, S.; KIM, K. J. (2007) Factors affecting the implementation success of Internet-based information systems. Computers in human behavior, v. 23, n. 4, p. 1853-1880.

LORENTZEN, J. (2009) Learning and Innovation What's Different in the (Sub) Tropics and How Do We Explain it? A Review Essay. Science Technology & Society, v. 14, n. 1, p. 177-205.

LUMPKIN, G. T.; LICHTENSTEIN, B. B. (2005) The role of organizational learning in the opportunity‐recognition process. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, v. 29, n. 4, p. 451-472.

MILLS, A. M.; SMITH, T. A. (2011) Knowledge management and organizational performance: a decomposed view. Journal of Knowledge Management, v. 15, n. 1, p. 156-171.

MOHAYIDIN, M. G.; AZIRAWANI, N.; KAMARUDDIN, M. N.; MARGONO, M. I. (2007) The application of knowledge management in enhancing the performance of Malaysian universities. The Electronic Journal of Knowledge Management, v. 5, p. 3, p. 301-312.

MUDAMBI, R.; SWIFT, T. (2009) Professional guilds, tension and knowledge management. Research Policy, v. 38, n. 5, p. 736-745.

NONAKA, I.; VON KROGH, G. (2009) Perspective-tacit knowledge and knowledge conversion: Controversy and advancement in organizational knowledge creation theory. Organization science, v. 20, n. 3, p. 635-652.

PARK, Y.; CHEN, J. V. (2007) Acceptance and adoption of the innovative use of smartphone. Industrial Management & Data Systems, v. 107, n. 9, p. 1349-1365.

PATERSON, B. L.; THORNE, S. E.; CANAM, C.; JILLINGS, C. (2001) Meta-Study of Qualitative Health Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

PILLANIA, R. K. (2008) Knowledge management in SMEs in India: a study of auto components sector. International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, v. 1, n. 3, p. 308–318.

PISCITELLO, L.; RABBIOSI, L. (2003) Knowledge Transfer In Cross Border Acquisitions. In DRUID Summer Conference.

PONS, X.; VAN ZANTEN, A. (2007) Knowledge circulation, regulation and governance. KNOWandPOL Project, Literature Review.

PRUSAK, L. (2001) Where did knowledge management come from?. IBM systems journal, v. 40, n. 4, p. 1002.

RUBENSTEIN-MONTANO, B.; LIEBOWITZ, J.; BUCHWALTER, J.; MCCAW, D.; NEWMAN, B.; REBECK, K.; TEAM, T. K. M. M. (2001) A systems thinking framework for knowledge management. Decision support systems, v. 31, n. 1, p. 5-16.

RUGGLES, R. (2009) Knowledge management tools. Routledge: USA.

SALAMZADEH, A. (2015a) New Venture Creation: Controversial Perspectives and Theories. Economic Analysis, v. 48, n. 3-4, p. 101-109.

SALAMZADEH, A. (2015b) Innovation Accelerators: Emergence of Startup Companies in Iran. In 60th Annual ICSB World Conference June (p. 6-9).

SALAMZADEH, A.; KAWAMORITA KESIM, H. (2015) Startup Companies: Life Cycle and Challenges. In 4th International Conference on Employment, Education and Entrepreneurship (EEE), Belgrade, Serbia.

SALAMZADEH, A.; SALAMZADEH, Y.; DARAEI, M. (2011) Toward a systematic framework for an entrepreneurial university: a study in Iranian context with an IPOO model. Global Business and Management Research: An International Journal, v. 3, n. 1, p. 31-37.

SALAMZADEH, Y.; NEJATI, M.; SALAMZADEH, A. (2014) Agility path through work values in knowledge-based organizations: a study of virtual universities. Innovar, v. 24, n. 53, p. 177-186.

SONG, J. H.; CHERMACK, T. J. (2008) A theoretical approach to the organizational knowledge formation process: Integrating the concepts of individual learning and learning organization culture. Human Resource Development Review, v. 7, n. 4, p. 424-442.

SPARROW, J. (2005) Classification of different knowledge management development approaches of SMEs. Knowledge Management Practice and Research, v. 3, n. 3, p. 136–143.

TANHA, D.; SALAMZADEH, A.; ALLAHIAN, Z.; SALAMZADEH, Y. (2011) Commercialization of university research and innovations in Iran: obstacles and solutions. Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology, v. 1, n. 7, p. 126-146.

TIEP, N. D. (2007) Building External Manufacturing Capability in Emerging Markets: Honda's Knowledge Transfer and the Role of Local Suppliers' Responsiveness. Journal of Asia-Pacific Business, v. 7, n. 4, p. 77-95.

TOHIDINIA, Z.; MOSAKHANI, M. (2010) Knowledge sharing behaviour and its predictors. Industrial Management & Data Systems, v. 110, n. 4, p. 611-631.

VARUN GROVER, T. H. D. (2001) General perspectives on knowledge management: Fostering a research agenda. Journal of management information systems, v. 18, n. 1, p. 5-21.

VASS, T. E. (2008) Searching for Radical Innovation Investments by Seeking Serial Manufacturing Entrepreneurs. Available at SSRN 1274614.

WONG, K. Y. (2005) Critical success factors for implementing knowledge management in small and medium enterprises. Industrial Management+ Data Systems, v. 105, n. 3/4, p. 261–280.

ZAHRA, S. A.; IRELAND, R. D.; HITT, M. A. (2000) International expansion by new venture firms: International diversity, mode of market entry, technological learning, and performance. Academy of Management journal, v. 43, n. 5, p. 925-950.


Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2016 Ehsan Shahidifar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Logo Gaudeamus






Logo Kennedy

Logo Columbia

Logo UCS


Logo OPT

Logo Biblioteca Professor Milton Cabral Moreira

Logo UFL