Green economy and the reverse logistics of waste electrical and electronic equipment

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Fernando Augusto Silva Marins
Marcus Vinicius F. de Araujo

Abstract

From the way globally accepted for economic growth representation of evolution of a country related to the findings of non consideration of environmental assets and liabilities as a measure of occupancy in the economy of the countries, this study suggests a paradigm shift in the operation of the world economy with the implementation of the Green Economy concept seeking the achievement of environmental goals necessary to a level considered optimal in terms of pollution at lower cost to society. The focus of the study is given to the management of waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE), particularly in the reverse logistics of WEEE as a potential tool for economic growth maintenance condition with sustainability. A diagnosis on the use of reverse logistics of WEEE in the world is also presented based on research conducted in countries on five continents. At the end of the study it was concluded that the application of reverse logistics in the world is still incipient with no evidence of the use of economic instruments that give opportunity for growth and sustainability. Accordingly, it is emphasized that the management of WEEE practiced in most countries has shown motivation solely on financial profit based on the export / import of waste in a kind of ruse coated green taking into account the environmental and health risks of the population in developing countries or in development, which are the main final destination of WEEE.

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Author Biographies

Fernando Augusto Silva Marins, Sao Paulo State University

Fernando Augusto Silva Marins is a Mechanical Engineer graduated at the UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho in 1976, master's degree in Operations Research from the Technological Institute of Aeronautics (1981) and PhD in Electrical Engineering from the State University of Campinas (1987). He did Postdoctoral internship at Brunel University in London - England (1994). He is currently a Professor Holder Production Department of the Faculty of Engineering - Campus of UNESP Guaratingueta. PQ2 is CNPq researcher. E-mail: fmarins@feg.unesp.br. Tel.: +55-12-3123-2814. Address: Av. Ariberto Pereira da Cunha, 333, Guaratingueta –SP, 12516-410, Brazil.

Marcus Vinicius F. de Araujo, Sao Paulo State University

Marcus Vinicius Faria de Araujo is a Chemical Engineer graduated at the Federal Fluminense University (1987). He has a master degree in Energy Management at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (1999). He is currently a doctoral student at the Sao Paulo State University, Campus of Guaratinguetá, in Brazil, oriented by the PhD professor Fernando Augusto Silva Marins. E-mail: marcusvinicius@vwa.com.br. Tel.: +55-24-3343-1130.Adress: Av. Ariberto Pereira da Cunha, 333, Guaratingueta –SP, 12516-410, Brazil.

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