Identification of external critical success factors in biotechnology firms


  • Abdolreza Gholamali University of Tehran
  • Dariush Abbasi Islamic Azad University, Tehran
  • Sima Sarafi Zanjani Islamic Azad University, Tehran



Biotechnology, External Success Factors, Iran


Biotechnology is expected to change production methods, the products themselves and the structure of the industries in the new economies. Hopefully, countries in the Middle-East, Latin America, Asia and Africa have already recognized the importance of  biotechnology's promise. In this sense, the importance of externalities which might affect the success or failure of these companies becomes an issue of paramount importance. In the present study, we will try to identify the main external factors which could lead in the success of  biotechnology firms in Iran. To do so, the research follows a qualitative research design to answer this main question. Based on our findings, critical success factors are categorized in the following categories: General Environment (GE), Political Position (PP), Economic Position (EP), and Market Position (MP).

Author Biographies

Abdolreza Gholamali, University of Tehran

Abdolreza Gholamali is an instructor in Civil Aviation Technology Collage (CATC) and management universities. He Cooperates with private sector companies and SMEs in Iran as a Consultant in management systems. He has educated with Master of Art in Entrepreneurship Management (Business Creation) from University of Tehran Faculty of Entrepreneurship. He has studied on the causes of success and failure of Iranian SMEs. His researches focus on SMEs in tourism industry, media and biotechnology. He has also researched in growth strategies, internationalization, globalization of business, e-business, innovation and Entrepreneurship, and published some papers.

Sima Sarafi Zanjani, Islamic Azad University, Tehran

Sima Sarrafi Zanjani is a researcher in economics and media field. She studied literature and media in bachelor and master levels in two famous universities of Iran (Shahid Beheshti University and IAU) and passed the courses in A level. Her enthusiasm in study and job as a journalist caused that she had many international trips for comparing the ways of developing the society and business. She worked hardly for 20 years in various newspapers and recently was selected as a chief editor in Iran Daily economic and world economic news paper. Sarrafi Zanjani is a well known journalist who tries to help the society for standard behaviors in every aspect especially economic field. Sarrafi Zanjani wrote many articles in SME filed in Iran press. She was also awarded in reporting the worst problems in Iran business.


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